How To Identify Varicose Veins

How to identify varicose veins, they are swollen and twisted veins near the surface of the skin of patients. They are generally found in the legs and ankles and more common in women than men. This ailment occurs due to feeble veins and valves in the legs. In a healthy person, there are one-way valves that keep normal circulation of blood from his legs to the heart. However, when these valves start malfunctioning, blood starts accumulating in your legs building up pressure. Consequently, your veins become large, weak and twisted.

Minor Symptoms

The most common signs include swollen, twisted and bluish veins below the skin. However, in other patients, the following minor symptoms are warning signals enough to consult an experienced medical professional.

* Your skin starts itching over the affected part.
* A light pain, heaviness and burning sensation in legs. These signs may be more pronounced in the later part of the day, after you have been standing or sitting for quite some time.
* Mild swelling in your feet and ankles.

Severe Symptoms

* Acute calf pain and protuberance in your feet and ankles after standing or sitting for a long period of time.
* Bloated leg and accumulation of fluid.
* Dry, itchy, scaling and swollen skin.
* Changes in the color of your skin around the lower legs and ankles.
* Open ulcerations.
* Superficial thrombophlebitis; this happens when the blood starts clotting and veins get inflamed near the skin surface. When blood clots in your superficial veins, the clots hardly travel to your heart or lungs. This is serious because it could lead to severe blockages.
* Bruising or bleeding even after a negligible injury.
* Bacterial and fungal infections are developed due to fluid buildup in your leg. This is known as edema. If not treated on time, there are possibilities of tissue infection or cellulitis.

Post-treatment Care

When it comes to the treatment of varicose veins, it is done in an outpatient clinic. Patients opt for the treatment, get treated, and after a little rest, they can return home. However, many patients have a lot of questions as to what to do and what not to after the treatment.

Each clinic has its own rules pertaining to post-treatment care. However, there are specific precautions to take after the procedure.

Use of Compression Stockings

After the treatment is over and you are at home, wear compression stockings. These are generally high-thigh and not comfortable to wear. However, compression stockings are essential after the treatment because these products help in reversing the lack of blood circulation, and lessen pressure on your leg.

Some doctors also recommend these to patients, telling them to wear during the initial week after the varicose vein procedure. For better results, they should be worn for maximum time – i.e. during the day and night. Thereafter, if the results are satisfactory and the doctor recommends it, these stockings can be worn only during the day. So, if you are having any of the symptoms discussed above, consult an experienced cardiovascular specialist immediately without any delay.

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